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Proton

Proton

A proton is a stable subatomic particle, symbol p or p+ , with a positive electric charge of +1e elementary charge. Its mass is slightly less than that of a neutron and 1836 times the mass of an electron. 
Protons and neutrons, each with masses of approximately one atomic mass unit, are jointly referred to as "nucleons" (particles present in atomic nuclei).
One or more protons are present in the nucleus of every atom; they are a necessary part of the nucleus. The number of protons in the nucleus is the defining property of an element, and is referred to as the atomic number (represented by the symbol Z). Since each element has a unique number of protons, each element has its own unique atomic number. 
The word proton is Greek for "first", and this name was given to the hydrogen nucleus by Ernest Rutherford in 1920. In previous years, Rutherford had discovered that the hydrogen nucleus (known to be the lightest nucleus) could be extracted from the nuclei of nitrogen by atomic collisions.
[5] Protons were therefore a candidate to be a fundamental or elementary particle, and hence a building block of nitrogen and all other heavier atomic nuclei.

Proton - Models

Saga

Saga

  • Price : 430,000 - 465,000 EGP
  • min account : 129,000 EGP
  • min Installment : 7,650 EGP